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In the Home

How to Remove Hard Water Stains

Discover how to remove hard water stains with this guide – your sinks & bath tubs will thank you! Read on for tips to effectively banish hard water stains.

Much of India has drinking water that is classed as hard. As well as having an effect on taste, hard water stains can also cause other household problems. The chalky white mineral deposits left behind by hard water can build-up and cause limescale stains on your fixtures and fittings – these are unsightly and can affect the efficiency of some fixtures, such as a shower head.

Here we explain how to clean hard water stains from tiles and fixtures and prevent them from coming back.

How to Remove Hard Water Stains – early stages

Hard water stains don’t have to be your worst enemy! Follow these tips to keep your surfaces clean and spotless:

  • First, prevention is better than cure. Take care to reduce the chances of stains forming in the first place by ensuring that surfaces are dried, and that no water is left lying after use.
  • Some limescale problems are easier to solve than others. For example, if you’re wondering how to remove hard water stains from toilet bowls, a good bleach-based cleaner such as Domex will make your job a lot easier. Just follow the instructions on the label.
  • If you’re trying to figure out how to remove hard water stains from bathroom tiles and tiles elsewhere in your home, the best solution is is to regularly clean them using products with descaling properties, such as Cif. The same goes for surfaces, such as worktops, baths, showers and sinks. Always follow the instructions on your cleaning product and test on a small area first.
  • If stains still form, application of stronger products such as a bleach-based solution (following the instructions on the label), along with a bit of elbow grease, can help to remove hard water stains that seem like they’re there to stay. Use an abrasive sponge or pad where necessary, but it is best to use a slightly worn pad on stainless steel, in order to protect the surface layer from damage.

How to Remove Hard Water Stains – tough stains and residue

  • For tough build-ups, vinegar will often work as a hard water stain remover. Fill a spray bottle with a solution of water and white vinegar (a 50/50 balance should suffice but more vinegar can be added if necessary) then spray onto the affected surface. Use a cloth to wipe down the area and remove any dislodged limescale. Then dry the area to remove excess solution and avoid streaky lines. The vinegar should have the added benefit of giving your surfaces a sparkling shine.
  • Sometimes, hard water stains and residue can become more embedded – particularly around taps and showers where water is more likely to collect and sit. In those cases, take a cloth and soak it in a water/white vinegar solution, then wrap it tightly around the affected area and leave it for some time, to allow the acidic properties of the vinegar to work on the lime scale. Then wipe or scrub away the dislodged residue.
  • Where hard water stains remain tough to shift, another solution is to create a paste by adding baking soda to the water/vinegar solution. Apply the paste to affected areas, leave it to set for a quarter of an hour or so, then wipe away, rinse and dry. The paste should work as an effective hard water stain remover, and should leave all surfaces stain-free and sparkling.

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To remove hard water stains from the toilet, use a commercial product like Domex Toilet Cleaner. A dedicated cleaner will achieve the best results; just remember to follow the instructions on the bottle!