how to get rid of bed bugs
In the Home

How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs

Bed bugs can be a real nuisance! This article is full of help & advice on how to identify and get rid of bed bugs for good.

Bed bugs are notoriously difficult to eradicate — but it can be done. The most popular bed bugs remedy is to hire a professional pest control company, however, this can be very expensive. If you want to try a DIY approach first, this article outlines all you’ll need to know about how to eliminate bed bugs: what products to buy, and what to expect.

How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs: Identify Which Rooms Are Infected

The sooner you start treating your home, the easier it will be to eradicate the bed bugs. Left untreated, the bugs will gradually spread from one room to another, latching onto clothes and crawling through cracks in search of new food sources. So first, find out who is being bitten and identify the areas you will need to treat. Bed bugs will inhabit any room where someone sleeps – this can include your lounge or other rooms if your family members, housemates, or guests sometimes sleep on the sofa.

How to Remove Bed Bugs from Your Apartment

If you live in an apartment or semi-detached house, you should inform the building manager and the landlord, as well as the people who live next door, as bed bugs can move between your accommodation and that of your neighbors.

Bed Bugs Treatment: The Bedroom

Once you have identified which rooms to treat, you will need to be methodical in tackling them. Bed bugs can easily hide in small crevices or cracks, and eggs are even harder to detect and treat. Here are the basic steps to take when eradicating bed bugs from a bedroom:

  • Strip and treat all bedding — This includes not just duvet covers, pillowcases, bed skirts, and sheets, but also the pillows and the mattresses themselves. Read Step 7 to find out how to treat washable items. But the first step is to break down the bed into its component parts and treat them one by one.
how to get rid of bed bugs
  • Vacuum the mattress and bedsprings — Thoroughly vacuum all surfaces, using the vacuum extensions to get inside every possible crevice. When you are finished with the vacuuming, you will need to remove and discard the vacuum bag to prevent any bed bugs from climbing out.
  • Treat the mattress and bed springs with insecticide — The most effective insecticides are a spray or dust, such as Diatomaceous earth (DE) dust or a low toxicity contact spray. “Bug bombs” or aerosol foggers do not reach all the crevices bed bugs can hide out in. Be sure to thoroughly apply the insecticide on all surfaces, crevices, and creases to prevent the spread of bugs. Make sure that you read the instructions on any products carefully before using, and take any necessary safety precautions and test the product on a small area first before continuing.
  • Encase the mattress and bedsprings — Encasements are an essential tool when getting rid of bed bugs. They are fabric sacks that zip around the mattress and bedsprings, and are specially designed to prevent bed bugs from getting out and feeding.
  • Treat the bed frame and headboard — Again, you should vacuum all surfaces and crevices thoroughly, and apply insecticide liberally.
  • Isolate the bed with interceptor cups — Bed bug interceptors are cups or platforms that sit under the feet of a bed frame, holding the bed away from the floor. These commercial products prevent bed bugs from climbing up or down from the bed. However, you also need to ensure the bed is not touching any curtains, walls, or furniture, as this can also form a “bridge” for bed bugs, allowing them to migrate.
  • Remove all non-furniture items from the room and treat them — This is essential: in addition to the bedding and pillows, treat all curtains, toys, clothes, books, and personal items. Washable items should be either dry cleaned or machine washed in hot water for 30 minutes with a good quality laundry detergent (like Breeze with ActivBleach), followed by tumble-drying for 30 minutes. Be sure to follow the guidelines on all garment care tags so as not to damage any fabrics and to follow the instructions on your detergent’s label.
  • Systematically treat the rest of the room — Vacuum all furniture, floors, and surfaces thoroughly.  Apply insecticide as with the bed frame and headboard.

The above steps explain the basics of how to get rid of bed bugs at home. Remember when using any store bought pesticide to read and follow the instructions carefully!

Top Tip


It’s important to be thorough when dealing with bed bugs – it’s not enough to just treat the bedding, you need to include your mattress and pillows in the process as well! Start by washing your sheets with a good quality detergent like Breeze.

Key Steps:

Do you have itchy red bites? You may have a bed bug infestation.

  • Check your bedding for black spots – this could be dried bed bug excrement.
  • Look for mottled brown shells shed by the bedbugs.
  • Check for blood spots – you may have rolled over and squashed a bed bug.
  • Inspect your mattress and bed frame to see if you can actually spot any bugs. Be sure to check all crevices and joints.

If you’ve discovered any of the above signs in your own home, you should follow the steps in this article.